Saturday, December 8, 2018

Boston & Maine Railroad Converted Baggage-Express Cars 3280 - 3281

B&M  Baggage-Express Cars 3280-81

The Boston & Maine Railroad purchased several surplus cars in the early 1950's to convert to all steel baggage-express cars replacing the railroads ageing wooden bodied baggage-express roster.

B&M road numbers 3280 & 3281 are two of these converted baggage-express cars, one of which is circled in the photo below.

What originally piqued an interest in these B&M cars was the 1958 J. W. Swanberg photo below that had been used for reference when constructing models of New Haven EP-3 motors. Noticing that the baggage-express car behind the EP-3 in the photo had a vestibule on only one end verified this unusual arrangement was not a New Haven Railroad prototype.

Having photographic proof that this foreign road express car was in Danbury during the era of the layout, a model of this car is desirable for an occasional appearance when operating for a visual diversity from the usual home road express cars.

In the photo above there is no readable lettering to determine the railroad ownership of this car. A post on this blog was published asking for help in identifying this car and several knowledgeable persons kindly reciprocated.

Chesapeake & Ohio Origins

B&M cars 3280-81 were originally part of a 1930 Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad five car RPO/baggage/passenger combination car order built by St. Louis Car Company becoming C&O road numbers 400-404. Number 402 is shown in the as built 15' RPO/baggage/36 seat passenger configuration below.

Conversion to Baggage-Express Cars and use by the B&M

The C&O sold cars 403-404 to the B&M in January 1950 where they were converted to baggage-express cars while retaining the vestibule on one end, this is the configuration seen in the two lead photos.

The converted car retains a lavatory vent seen in the Swanberg photo, so the assumption is that the cars could have been used in messenger service. B&M messenger cars had the lettering "equipped with water system" and a star under the Railway Express Agency lettering on the car sides but this is undetectable in ether of the two photos of the converted cars.

Suggestion is that under B&M ownership these cars may have been regularly used for a time on the international train the "GULL" a 24 hour train between Boston and Halifax, Nova Scotia. Custom agents boarding these cars for inspection during border crossings may have favored these cars because of their vestibules ease of entry/exit.

Express from the B&M with a destination for the REA terminal in the Bronx, NY could have been routed over the New Haven thru the connection with the B&M at Springfield, MA. Speculation is while one of these cars was at the Harlem River Terminal empty it was loaded for express to Danbury where it was photographed by J. W. Swanberg in 1958.

Enough Information to Build a Model?

I am only aware of the two photos shown above of these cars after their conversion to baggage/express cars by the B&M, but these two photos do show both sides of the car and part of the vestibule car end. The photo of the car in the original C&O configuration shows the opposite or RPO/baggage end which differs in construction from the vestibule car end. All three show the roof venting details.

The combination of the three photos, dimensional data from a C&O drawing and with information sent by the respondents to my request for help about these cars I feel this provides sufficient speculation to build a creditable model.

The side view Drawing below is what I speculate the model should look like. The dimensional data for the truck centers, overall lengths over the platforms and end posts are derived from a C&O mechanical drawing therefore factual. The 8' wide baggage door openings with double doors are also factual information gleaned from a B&M Mechanical Department document. The dimension to centerline of the baggage door openings from the end posts is conjecture on my part.

Model construction of one of these B&M baggage-express cars will begin with the next post.

Thank You!

A special thank you to John Horvath, Tom E. Thompson, Dave Varholy and Ed Shoben. Without the generous help that these gentlemen took time to provide, building a model of this car for my layout would not be possible. Thank you all!     

Wednesday, November 21, 2018

New Haven PS-1 Boxcars with 10' 6" Interior Height

Early PS-1 boxcars

I have long wanted to use Kadee's excellent PS-1 boxcar to model the New Haven 33500-34499 series early PS-1 10' 6" interior height boxcars built by Pullman-Standard during 1947-48. The Kadee model that has long been available represents the PS-1 design changes made by Pullman-Standard beginning in 1949 thru the mid 50's and not accurate for the early PS-1 design, so backdating this model is necessary to represent the New Haven boxcars.

Little to "Early" modeling the early PS-1 !

Like several other NH prototypes that I have scratchbuilt or kit-bashed models of in the past, later some manufacture will bring out a RTR or kit version after my model was completed. The Kadee early PS-1 is the first model to be announced while I was still working on completing my model of a particular NH prototype.

Prototype reference

The New Haven Railroad Historical & Technical Association magazine Shoreliner  volume 37 issue 4 has an excellent reference article about New Havens steel 40' boxcars authored by Peter Ness with Wayne Drummond and John Kasey. This magazine is still available as a back issue from the NHRHTA.

The models

Knowing that these models are now a moot point, I won't dwell to much about the details of this kit-bash now that an accurate version will be available from Kadee in about a month.

Starting point for these models was three undecorated Kadee 40' boxcar kits #4101 with a 7' door opening. The doors that come with the kit were replaced with 7' Superior 7 panel doors from Southwest scale Productions.

Backdating the models was a simple task of removing the Pullman-Standard updates that the Kadee model includes. Removed were the last raised bowtie detail from each end panel on the roof leaving a flat panel, the retangular reinforcement panels from the top of each car end and some rivets from the same.

A attempt to better represent the door stops of the prototype were made with some styrene strips a brass wire.

After learning about the release of the correct early PS-1 model, the end ladders and grabs that came with the kit are temporarily snapped in place in hopes that Kadee will offer the correct ladders and grabs as separate parts after the release of their early PS-1 model.

The correct brake wheels for each car were applied to the models using the reference chart in the Shoreliner magazine article. These wheels are pictured below from left to right are, Miner, Universal, both Kadee parts and Klasing from True Line Trains.

The excellent New Haven boxcar decal set # D-118 from Speedwitch was used to letter and number these cars.

During 1955 NH PS-1 car numbers 34001-34020 were equipped with Evans DF loaders, these cars are easily identified by the large "DF" stencil to the top left of each door. Wanting one of these for the roster it was decaled with the separate Evans sheet that is included with the Speedwitch # D-118 set.

Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Modeling Danbury - Signature Structures, Dave's "Old 6"

Dave's "Old 6"

This is a structure that often appears in photos taken near Danbury station. Certainly an interesting name for a bar and restaurant, sure would like to know what the "Old 6" refers to!

Dave's was a wood and masonry structure located just to the west of Danbury station sharing Canal street with Susnitzky's variety store. Both structures are no longer standing therefore relying solely on photos for reference to build models of them.

Reference Photos

Most of the photos that include Dave's in the background the lower portion of the structure is obscured by the railroad rolling stock that was the subject of the photo providing little information about the structure for building a creditable model. Below is an example of this type of photo where only the very top of the structure shows, but it's there and needs to be modeled on the layout.

Like the Susnitzky's building, the most informative street side photo references are screenshots from a 1951 Alfred Hitchcock movie below.

These photos are a good reference for height, the number of floors and windows also the signage, below the late 40's Ford convertible top obscures the very lowest part of the building so that part will have to be a guesstimate.

This next photo from the late 1950's offers a good look at the left of the street side not seen in the above photos, this is the only color photo I could find and shows that the building was basically white with green trim during the modeling era. Possibly this structure may originally have been built as a single house or a house and storefront with the shopkeepers residence above. This photo also gives a look at the lower floor masonry addition that was built onto the south side of the structure at some period.

This early 50' photo shows the south side of the structure, the wood frame part of this side was covered with insulbrick at this time.

This aerial photo from the 70's shows the location of Dave's in relation to Danbury station and the yard. The south wall of the masonry addition angles away from the street side of the building somewhat following the curvature of the loop track.

The Model

This is the last of the Danbury signature structures to be modeled and will complete the Danbury diorama portion of the layout.

With the limited photo references available and limited space on the layout for this model, calling the finished product a scale model would be a real stretch. There is though enough photo reference to build a good resemblance of the south and street sides of the structure that will show on the layout.

The model is all styrene with no unusual construction methods employed, so only this one construction photo is posted which shows the odd angles of the structure baseplate with the two unseen sides of the structure in place.

Since this model was to be just a resemblance of the prototype structure, only windows and doors that could be easily modified for a reasonable prototype appearance and styrene siding on hand were used.

The finished model will be placed up against the backdrop that covers a helix, therefore the depth of the structure had to be shortened to fit leaving room for only two windows per floor on the south side of the wood frame portion of the structure.

The models insulbrick siding comes from an online photo of an actual house that was sided with insulbrick.  I printed that photo in HO scale then affixed insulbrick from the photo to the south side with Elmer's spray adhesive. The signage was made on the computer.

More photos of Dave's "Old 6" will be posted once the structure is integrated into the layout.   

Wednesday, July 4, 2018

New Haven Alco S-1 Switcher With Low Profile Cab

The Alco S-1 switcher was introduced in 1940, the first Alco switcher of low profile hood design to compete with the EMD and Baldwin switchers of a similar design. This low hood design offering a better front vision for the engine crew than the earlier Alco high hood design switchers. Powered by the Alco designation 539 diesel prime mover that produced 660 HP. These switchers rode on Blunt B-B trucks.

The first S-1 switchers were delivered to the New Haven Railroad in 1941, deliveries continued until 1949 for a total of 65 units. These diesel switchers replacing 0-6-0 steam switchers on the roster.

Reference and Photos

There is a comprehensive article about New Haven Alco S-1 switchers including many photos authored by Marc J. Frattasio and William S. Chapin in the New Haven Railroad Historical and Technical Association magazine Shoreliner volume 35 issue 1. This excellent issue, the cover pictured below, is still available as a back issue from This magazine is a good read and must for modeling the New Haven S-1.

Another great reference is the book New Haven Power  by J. W. Swanberg, in addition he also authored an article in the above Shoreliner about working on the S-1 and S-2 locomotives.

Modeling the New Haven S-1

One of the interesting challenges of modeling most New Haven Railroad diesel locomotives is that the railroad's diesels had features that differ from the standard design of the locomotive builder, the S-1 is no exception. These switchers also had many different paint schemes during their tenure on the New Haven and some equipment variations depending on the road number, again the Shoreliner article is the best reference when modeling a specific unit and era.

The New Haven ordered their S-1's with low profile cab roofs that were about 6" lower than the standard design for a greater clearance from the high voltage overhead catenary in the electrified zones and other areas that would be inaccessible with the standard cab height. This was achieved by lessening the curvature radius of the cab roof in the center opposed to the standard design roof that had a continuous radius arch from side to side. This compound curvature of the roof resulted in the NH cabs being very distinctive in appearance from the standard design.

The starting point for my model is a Life Like Proto 2000 S-1. Like many models of its era of manufacture this model is of the prototype locomotive builders standard design that is correct for most railroads, but this model has an incorrect cab for the NH. The model was purchased about 15 years or more ago when they were first released because it came factory painted for NH road #0972, the prototype seen below was photographed in Danbury in 1957 switching express cars therefore is appropriate for use on the layout.

          Courtesy of Bob's Photo

Correcting the factory installed cab on the Proto 2000 model has long been on my things to do list but pushed to the back burner by many other other projects. William (Bill) Chapin co-author of the Shoreliner article did a great job of modifying the cab on his switcher, this being the only one that I knew of with a corrected roof profile cab in HO scale.

A replacement Cab

Having a prototypically correct replacement cab has been talked about for years by NH modelers but none has ever been produced ether in resin or by injection molding most likely because of the insufficient numbers that would purchased to turn a profit by the maker.

Good quality and reasonably priced 3D printing has now made a correct NH cab possible. Mike Redden, a skilled NH modeler has designed an accurate low profile replacement cab kit for 3D printing to fit the Proto 2000 S-1, this cab is available for purchase from Shapeways .

I ordered one as soon as they were released for sale. The kit arrived from Shapeways quickly and well packaged with the pieces individually enclosed in separate plastic bags.

This is my first experience with 3D printed parts. The kit pieces received are high quality free from flash or warping. The detail is clear and excellent down to the smallest rivet.

The 5 pieces of the kit are pictured below.

The Proto 2000 body shell with factory cab removed.

The difference in the roof profile is evedent when placing the rear of the replacement cab against the factory cab.

Cab Assembly

With the cab kit needing to be painted and have the glazing installed from the inside of the cab, the following is the cab assembly sequence that I chose.

1. Drill holes

Holes were drilled for the hand rails on the cabs rear panel. The step to door handrails and one upper grab from the original cab will be reused. New shorter handrails on the cab door sides will need to be fabricated, these were made from .015 phosphor bronze wire with holes in the cab drilled to match.

2. Paint the 5 kit pieces and repaint hood.

Modeling #0972 as in the 1957 prototype photo above called for NH #401 green being applied to the cab front, sides and roof and NH warm orange to the cab rear panel. Also the green applied to the hood of the out of the box model needed to be changed to #401 green and was repainted at the same time as the kit pieces. Tru-color #38 401 green and Tru-color # 36 warm orange were used. The headlight bezel was painted black.

3. Apply decals

The orange New haven script lettering and numbers for the cab sides came from an old Accu-cals set that I have had for many years. I used these because the orange matches the warm orange paint well, I do not know of this sets availability today.

The small black NH script on the cab door is from Micro Scale set #87-1001 and the small black numbers next to the headlight come from Micro Scale set # 87-884

Below are the painted and decaled kit pieces.

4. Weathering and dulcote.

The lines across the kit pieces that can be seen in the photo above I assume are from the printing process and show with a gloss paint applied. These are far less noticeable once the painted surface is dulled with an initial weathering coat before assembly.

First a coat of acrylic grimly black thinned 10:1 with 70% alcohol was sprayed over the parts followed by 2 coats of dulcote, results below.

5. Install glazing

Mike Redden also offers a glazing set for this cab, it is reasonably priced and the individual windows fit very well. You can order the glazing set directly from Mike by clicking on the NE Model Works link on the Shapeways page that features the cab kit.

I thought that it would be much easier to install the cab windows before assembling the cab while the pieces could be worked on the flat from behind as seen below. Formula '560' canopy glue was used.

The handrails on the rear panel of the cab were installed during this step after the windows were in place.

6. Cab assembly

To assure that the cab would sit flat once on the Proto 2000 model platform after assembly the kit was glued together on a glass work surface. A square corner jig was temporarily formed by taping 2 straight edges together on the glass surface as below.

I decided to start by gluing the cab sides to the cab front first. Glue was applied to the pieces and quickly pushed up against the temporary square jig and checked with a small combination square head as below.  Maxi-Cure ACC was used to bond all pieces.

The opposite side was affixed the same way then the roof was glued on next making sure all the pieces were square to each other.

The rear of the cab was glued in place last finishing the assembly of the low profile replacement cab.

The design work of this kit is superb, with care during assembly all the kit pieces will fit together quite precisely as one would experience with an injection molded kit. The finished cab fits on the Proto 2000 S-1 platform as well as the original cab.

One thing I would do differently is to paint the insides of the cab pieces black or gray before installing the windows and assembling the cab.

The whistle

One more way the New Haven S-1's differed from other railroads is that they were equipped with a whistle instead of an air horn.

A Custom Finishing Models #103 whistle was used for this detail. A mounting bracket was made from styrene strip using a photo in the Shoreliner S-1 article as a guide, the piping and elbow came from brake piping that was in my scrap box.

These whistles were mounted in differing locations on these locomotives, referring to the article once more the whistle on # 0972 was located approximately 1 foot beyond the cab roof overhang. Below is the whistle, bracket and piping assembly before painting.

Making the model run.

When this model was new a basic DCC decoder was installed, it ran well but installing a new sound decoder while apart for the cab change will bring it up to today's layout standard.

An ESU Loksound #73800 select micro decoder and #50321 speaker were installed. They are both are good fit for this models chassis, see photo below for mounting locations.

The speaker enclosure included in the #50321 speaker kit was assembled to its lowest profile to fit under the body shell.

Alco 6 cyl 539 prime mover sounds article #73489 were downloaded from the ESU website and programed into the decoder with the ESU programer. The whistle sound was chosen from the selections of playable horn sounds. The sounds are very prototypical for a Alco 539 non turbo prime mover and whistle.

After programming CV 54 to 0 using the recommended procedure, this model now runs exceptionally and prototypically well at switching speeds that it is intended for.

I chose not to install lighting on this switcher using MV #136 lenses instead.

The finished model

The mounted whistle can be seen in front of the cab in this photo. Holes in the front of the cab for the side handrails were drilled after the cab/hood were mounted on the base platform.

The fireman's side.

These upgrades have transformed this model from a seldom used shelf queen to a permanent switcher in the Danbury yard on the layout. It looks right, runs and sounds great!

Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Modeling Danbury - Signature Structures - Sand Bin & Dryer House

The sand storage bin and dryer house at Danbury no longer exist and few pictures could be found of these two structures.

The photo that reveals the most usable information for modeling purpose is the below photo taken by Peter McLachlan circa late 1950's. This photo supplies the best information on the construction and sizing the heigth of the sand bin and the east end of the dryer house. Without this photo building a creditable model of these two structures would have been unlikely.

Peter C. McLachlan Photo

The length and width of the sand bin and dryer house was best determined by a vintage aerial photo sizing the structures comparing them with boxcars and passenger cars of the era that were present in the yard when the photo was taken. The model length would be prototypical but the scale distance between the tracks on either side of the sand bin is somewhat narrower on the layout than on the prototype seen above, the model width would have to be adjusted to fit between the tracks on the layout.

Sand Bin Model

The sand bin model is made from styrene strips and sheets. The sides are made from sheet V Groove siding and the vertical support posts are dimensional strips.

Below are the 4 sides and baseplate on the flat before assembly.

The assembled bin below.

I believe during the era of the layout the New Haven was getting its locomotive sand from quarries along the railroad on the lower cape near Provincetown MA. Below is the painted model filled with a light almost white sand as per prototype photo.

The Dryer House

The sand dryer house was still standing in the photo below that I took late 1970's, but the sand storage bin has been removed. Combining this photo and the Peter McLachlan photo there was enough to build a creditable model of the dryer house.

The model is again a simple styrene building. The sides are sheet styrene clapboard with Tichy windows and a scratch built sliding door. Below are the pieces on the flat.

The assembled and painted dryer house. I could not quite figure out the taller of the two smoke jacks, in the prototype photo it looks like an enterprising yard employee used a 55 gallon drum to support the pipe so the same was done to the model until someone proves that is incorrect!

Below are the two structures together, they will take their places along with the wood sanding tower on the layout soon.